TEL AVIV—Israel on Friday is to develop into the first formulated country to impose a 2nd nationwide lockdown, as its government struggles to include a refreshing coronavirus outbreak that has hammered the financial system and divided the nation.

The lockdown, which will previous at minimum by way of early Oct, aims to stop mass gatherings during the Jewish holiday seasons that get started at sundown Friday. It will lengthen by way of Rosh Hashana, Yom Kippur and Sukkot—holidays that normally entail hundreds of thousands of Jewish worshipers attending synagogues and accumulating…