BERLIN—Germany’s parliament elected Olaf Scholz, sixty three, chancellor on Wednesday, ending Angela Merkel’s 16-year rule. The country’s new centre-remaining chief inherits longstanding problems from his predecessor and faces a cluster of small-expression crises that could complicate his designs to modernize the German state and its economic climate.

On the worldwide phase, Germany faces international criticism of its close power partnership with Russia—the controversial Nord Stream two natural gas pipeline that one-way links the two international locations specifically is predicted to arrive online this thirty day period, just as the U.S. has accused the Kremlin of planning to invade Ukraine.