In 2020, 4 cyclones produced a landfall in India. Nevertheless, a solitary super cyclonic storm (SuCS) — Amphan — produced maximum problems to the area underneath crops in the course of the 12 months.

The 4 cyclones afflicted about 11.5 lakh hectares of area underneath agriculture and horticulture in the state. Of this, just about 50 per cent (5.82 lakh ha) of the area underneath crops ended up afflicted by Amphan in the course of the 12 months.

Facts sourced from the answers in Parliament mentions about 5.71 lakh ha remaining afflicted by Amphan in West Bengal, followed by Odisha at .11 ha.

In accordance to ‘Report on Cyclonic Disturbances of North Indian Ocean in the course of 2020’ by the Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre (RSMC), there ended up 9 cyclonic disturbances (CDs) — depressions and cyclones — more than the North Indian Ocean (NIO) and adjoining land locations in the course of 2020 from the extensive period normal (LPA) of twelve disturbances per 12 months dependent on details of 1961-2019.

Of the 9 CDs, 5 intensified into tropical cyclones from the regular frequency of four.5 cyclones per 12 months more than NIO (which handles Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) dependent on LPA.

It integrated cyclonic storm (CS) Burevi, extreme cyclonic storm (SCS) Nisarga, SuCS Amphan, and two really extreme cyclonic storms (VSCS) – Gati and Nivar.

All the 5 cyclones more than the NIO in the course of 2020 ended up landfalling cyclones. Of this, Gati did not make landfall in India.

VSCS Nivar produced an influence on about three.35 lakh ha of crops in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in the course of the 12 months.

Of this, about three.seventeen lakh ha of area underneath crops was afflicted in Andhra Pradesh. It produced an influence on .16 lakh ha in Tamil Nadu and a mere .02 lakh ha in Puducherry.

CS Burevi afflicted far more than two lakh ha of area underneath crops in Tamil Nadu.

The minimum influence on the area underneath crops would seem to have occur from SCS Nisarga.

Answers in Parliament described that Nisarga impacted .33 lakh ha of area underneath crops in Maharasthra.

Cattle

Farmers in the cyclone-afflicted regions dropped far more than 36,000 cattle in 2020. Two-thirds (23,927) of cattle heads ended up dropped owing to Amphan in West Bengal, and ten,564 owing to Nivar in Andhra Pradesh.

Fishermen in West Bengal witnessed maximum problems to their belongings.

Amphan ruined eight,007 boats and 37,711 nets of fishermen in that State. Nisarga ruined 1,362 boats and 596 nets of fishermen in Maharashtra.

Four cyclones that afflicted the state led to the reduction of 138 lives. Of them, West Bengal registered the greatest casualties of ninety nine from Amphan. Even though SCS Nisarga claimed fifteen lives in Maharashtra, VSCS Nivar claimed 11 in Andhra Pradesh.

Rescue functions

In accordance to Parliament answers, 38 groups of Countrywide Disaster Response Power (NDRF) ended up deployed in West Bengal in the course of Amphan to evacuate eight.13 lakh folks. In Odisha, twenty NDRF groups assisted the State in evacuating two.37 lakh folks.

In the circumstance of the Nisarga cyclone, twenty NDRF groups in Maharashtra, 16 groups in Gujarat and two groups in Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu assisted the State / UT administrations in aid and restoration do the job.

All through the Nivar cyclone, fifteen NDRF groups evacuated about two.27 lakh people in Tamil Nadu, seven groups evacuated 40940 folks in Andhra Pradesh, and 4 groups evacuated 3397 folks in Puducherry.

About 1.67 lakh folks and 32 livestock ended up evacuated by seventeen NDRF groups in Tamil Nadu in the course of cyclone Burevi. 8 NDRF groups and one staff of the pressure ended up utilised to evacuate people in Kerala and Puducherry, respectively, in the course of Burevi.

All through 2020, NIO witnessed 31 days and twelve several hours of cyclonic disturbance days as from the 1990-2020 normal of 29 days and twenty several hours.

Supply: Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre, Facts visualisation: A J Vinayak