BEIJING—China’s geopolitical increase about the previous four decades has been fueled by sizzling economic progress that frequently featured several years of double-digit proportion-point gains.

In 2020, China state-of-the-art its aspirations by only rising with its progress intact from a brutal 12 months when a pandemic shook the world financial state.

On Monday, Beijing stated its gross domestic product rose 2.three% final 12 months. Even though that is the weakest yearly amount of progress given that the Mao period, it was ample to make China the only main world financial state to get any ground at all final 12 months, and accelerated its most likely overtaking of the U.S. financial state, economists say.

The World Financial institution tasks the worldwide financial state to have pulled back by four.three% final 12 months, dragged down by a seven.four% contraction in the eurozone. The U.S., the world’s premier financial state, is envisioned to have shrunk by three.six%.